The topic of this chapter is the fall of Babylon, and the righteous judgment of God upon Babylon, that is, the commercial or world system. In Scripture we see two different New Testament ideas of "world". The first is that of the people in the world, whom God loves with His redeeming love, and for whom He sent His Son. The second is the idea of the spirit of the age, or the goings-on on the planet that are influenced heavily by human ambition and prompted by the devil. It is this system that God is judging, and the people caught up in it. Though Christ died for all, they have clearly rejected Him in lieu of the things of this life.